What are Solar Panels?

» Posted by on Feb 26, 2020 in Solar Panel | 0 comments

Photovoltaic cells are used by solar electricity systems to capture energy from the sun. Such cells do not require direct sunlight. These cells will be able to generate electricity even it’s raining. They convert the rays from the sun into electrical energy to heat and light up households.   

But how do solar panels function? In order for the solar panels to produce electricity, silicon’s atomic level must be reduced. Silicon’s atomic number is 14. It means that it has 14 protons and electrons. Three of them circles around the middle, forming the iconic image of the atom. The inner-circle consists of two electrons while the middle consists of 8 electrons. Nevertheless, four electrons are half-full in the outermost circle. It means that filling up will always seek help from the atoms around it. Once they bind, they form crystalline structures.   

Solar Panels and Atomic Structures   

With all these electrons going out and joining, there is little space for electricity to pass. The silicon used in these panels may be unclean, in conjunction with other materials such as phosphorus. There are five electrons in the phosphorus shell. The fifth electron is called the free carrier. By introducing doping impurities, scientists increase the number of free carriers, resulting in N-shaped silicon.   

Silicon belongs to the N-type is placed on top of the solar panel. Under this is the silicon type P, which is placed in the opposite mirror. While N-type silicone has one additional electron, the P-type includes boron or gallium impurities with a lower electron. This creates another barrier. When sunlight hits the silicon P-type, electrons start to move and fill each other’s voids. Electricity is generated as the atoms try to achieve equilibrium.   

What are Solar Panels?   

Solar cells contain wafers of silicone. Silicon is a solid crystalline, and it among the most abundant elements found on the surface of the Earth, after oxygen. If you see dark and vivid spots on the beach, that’s silicon. Like most crystals, silicon can grow. Laboratories manufacture silicone in a single and uniform crystal tube. When the tube is unrolled, it breaks into wafers.   

There are many benefits to installing solar panels. Sunlight is safe and the electricity cost is high after the initial installation has been charged. Solar is green renewable energy, which does not release harmful carbon or other pollutants. A typical solar photovoltaic home system can save about 1.3 to 1.6 tons of carbon per year.   

Install Solar Panels on Your Home   

Alternatively, solar slates, tiles, and panels can be used on standard roofs. A solar tile system will generally cost twice more than the panel system. While a solar tile system isn’t as effective as the panels, they are preferred by those are concerned about aesthetics. Choosing the right type of solar energy system is essential 

If you want to install your home solar panels at home, it’s highly recommended that you consult with the experts on how to go about the project. Solar energy is waiting for you to be unleashed. Take advantage of it today.   



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